The forest cover in Sri Lanka is deteriorated day by day due to human activities. Under the present crisis of the country, people are allowed do agriculture anywhere they delighted. While they are doing so, they find additional income from the sale of wood extracted from the forest and from the sale of flesh of the wild animal hunt therein.
Farmers also use pesticides, weedicide and agro chemicals in their farming pattern resulting the loss of environmental friendly insects and other wildlife essentially required for balancing the forest activities. Accordingly, the wildlife and their habitants are being depreciated and therefore some wildlife come out from the jungle and enter the home gardens and other human dominated landscapes in search of food, water and new habitants where they destroy everything. Such wild lives are also being killed by the people to protect themselves and their crops. People also eat flesh of wild animals.
In the ancient days Ritigala Mountain was well known as “Ariththa Pabbatha” meaning of which is Dreadful Mountain. This forest was declared as a firm nature reserve by the gazette notification No 8809 of o7.11.1941 under